Disease: Pneumoconiosis

Pneumoconiosis is not an infectious disease. It is the name given to the condition resulting from inhalation of dusts; one of the most common forms of this is anthracosis or black lung which results from the inhalation of carbon particles in polluted air.

All animals species are susceptible to anthracosis. It is most commonly seen in the lungs of animals that live in or around cities, roads or industrial zones where there is a high level of particulate air pollution.
Pneumoconiosis may be a normal finding in the lungs of fossorial animal species (dig holes and burrows or live underground) such as badgers and moles. It may also be seen in animals that have been exposed to drought conditions when the ground is dry and dusty.

In most animals, anthracosis does not cause disease and it is typically an incidental finding (grey to black speckled lungs) on post-mortem examination. However, in extreme cases the presence of particles in the lung tissue may provoke an inflammatory reaction possibly leading to fibrosis.

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