Disease: Proteus spp.

Proteus spp. bacteria belong to the enterobacteriaceae family of bacteria and are found  in dead and decomposing organic matter including leaf litter and animal feces. Some Proetus species such as P. vulgaris, are commensals, living in the gut flora of many animal species. They are opportunistic pathogens causing sporadic cases of disease when the body’s defenses are breached.

 

Giacopello C, Foti M, Mascetti A, Grosso F, Ricciardi D, Fisichella V, Lo Piccolo F. Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Enterobacteriaceae in European wild bird species admitted in a wildlife rescue centre. Vet Ital. 2016 Jun 30;52(2):139-44.

Pathogen

Proteus spp. is een bacterie die veelvuldig in het milieu voorkomt (bodem, water en mest) en maken onderdeel uit van de normale maagdarmkanaal flora [1, 4]. Het zijn opportunistische ziekteverwekkers, hetgeen betekent dat deze bacteriën bij gezonde mensen en dieren meestal geen ziekte veroorzaken. Als opportunistische ziekteverwekker wordt Proteus spp. geassocieerd met urineweginfecties met complicaties, en soms met bacteriemie (bacteriën in de bloedbaan)[1, 4], wondinfectie of meningitis [2, 3].

 

  1. 2004. Infections of the central nervous system. 3rd ed. Scheld W.M. Whitley RJ. and Marra C.M. eds. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 939 pp.
  2. Chuang Y. Chang W. Lu C. and Huang C. 2000. Mixed Infection in Adult Bacterial Meningitis. Infection, 28, 1: 8-12.
  3. Kassim Z. Aziz A.A. and Haque Q.M. 2003. Isolation of Proteus mirabilis from severe neonatal sepsis and central nervous system infection with extensive pneumocephalus. European journal of pediatrics, 162, 9: 644-645.
  4. Kim B.N. Kim, N.J. Kim, M.N. Kim Y.S. Woo J.H. and Ryu J. 2003. Bacteraemia due to tribe Proteeae: a review of 132 cases during a decade (1991-2000). Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 35, 2: 98-103. Available on: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/0036554021000027015

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